Personal

Creating an Array with Headers and Columns from a string using [PSCustomObject]

Today, I was updating a script I wrote a while ago, and I wanted to streamline the processing loops once input was received.  This particular script took parameters for:

  • Identity (as an email address or UserPrincipalName)
  • CSV (with either no header or a header of UserPrincipalName)
  • Target environment type (either Active Directory or Office 365/Azure AD, which return a UserPrincipalName property with Get-ADUser or Get-AzureADUser)

I had gone the “easy” route and just done a simple If/Then to see if the Identity parameter had been passed, and if it had, run a separate chunk of code (which made troubleshooting or updates much harder since I had to keep two branches of the code synced when I made updates).… [ Continue reading ]

Information

Testing a variable with the value of zero

Tonight, while working on my previous script, I ran into an interesting problem when testing the presence of a value.

Consider this:

PS C:\> [int]$IntValue0 = 0
PS C:\> [int]$IntValue1 = 1
PS C:\> [string]$StringValue0 = "0"
PS C:\> [string]$StringValue1 = "1"
PS C:\> $IntValue0
0
PS C:\> $IntValue1
1
PS C:\> If ($IntValue0) { "exists" }
PS C:\> If ($IntValue1) { "exists" }
exists
PS C:\> if ($StringValue0) { "exists" }
exists
PS C:\> if ($StringValue1) { "exists" }
exists
PS C:\> if ($IntValue0 -eq $null) { "null" }
PS C:\> if ($IntValue0 -lt 1) {"less than 1" }
less than 1
PS C:\> $IntValue0.GetType()

IsPublic IsSerial Name BaseType
-------- -------- ---- --------
True True Int32 System.ValueType

My short lesson: when setting an integer value to 0, you can’t test for it using If ($Value), as that will return false. … [ Continue reading ]

Configuration

Update to Create-LabUsers tool

Update: I’ve added a shortlink for this tool: http://aka.ms/createlabusers.

Because you didn’t ask for it, I went ahead and added to it.

Well, that’s a lie.  I actually had some really great ideas and feedback, so I’ve added a few new features that I wanted to draw attention to:

  • Detect existing Exchange session – If you cancel the script to create mailboxes while it’s running, you previously needed to run a Remove-PSSession to close the open Exchange session. 
[ Continue reading ]
Personal

Random things with Get-Random

Today’s post is less about anything in particular than it is about jotting a few things down for personal reference.

I learned a couple of things over the last week while developing a tool. I’m sure I learned them once before, but as a person with finite storage and recall capacity, this tidbits were replaced by something I perceived to be of more timely import at the time (such as my kids’ birthday gifts, picking up a suit at the cleaners, a really great Detroit style pizza recipe I’ve finally put the finishing touches on, and how I’ve recently become a fan of grass-fed butter (well, technically butter made from milk produced by grass-fed cows, since you can’t really get butter to eat anything successfully)).… [ Continue reading ]

Information

Office 365 Administration Inside Out

I meant to post this earlier, but I wanted to let everyone know that I’ve had the great honor of being able to write a book with some of the titans of Microsoft Consulting Services.  The book has all new content for Office 365 based on our experience in the field, and even features current service release updates. … [ Continue reading ]